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Terminology


KARA-TE-DO (Empty - Hand - Way)

PHONETICS


A - “AH” (Car)

I - “EE” (Knee)

U - “OO” (Zoo)

E - “EH” (Fed)

O - “OH” (Go)

EI - “AY” (Play) the front

AI - “I” (Eye)

COUNT


1-Ichi                   

2-Ni                      

3-San                  

4-Shi                   

5-Go                    

6-Roku                

7-Shichi               

8-Hachi               

9-Ku

10-Ju

COMMANDS


Kiyotsuke = Line Up

Hajime = Start/Begin

Yame = Stop

Naore = Relax

Rei = Bow

Shomen ni = To the front

Otagai ni = To each other

Mawate = Turn around

Yoi = Ready

Onegai shimasu = Please help me learn

Arigato gozai mashita =Thank you very much

General Terms

Heiwa-do                                 Our official style of karate (“the way of peace and harmony”)

JIKC/JIKF                               Japan International Karate, our school founded by Hirano Kiyohisa Soke in 1962

Osu                                          Greeting reflecting positive attitude and strong spirit

Dojo                                         Place of training for martial arts

Seiza                                        Formal sitting position in dojo

Senpai                                     Senior student (assistant instructor)

Sensei                                     Instructor/Teacher

Dojocho                                  Chief Instructor, head of dojo (also “Cho Sensei”)

Shihan                                     Instructor of Instructors

Soke                                        Founder

Gi                                             Karate uniform

Obi                                           Belt

Kata                                         Series of techniques fighting an imaginary opponent

Kihon                                       Basics

Kumite                                    Sparring

Zanshin                                   Awareness

Kime                                        Focus

Waza (Techniques)

DACHI (Stances)


Jyun Tsuki Same-side Punch Stance (frontstance, “Zenkustsu Dachi”)

Yoi Ready (“Heiko Dachi”)

Naihanchi Horseback

Neko Ashi Dachi Dai Long Cat Foot

Neko Ashi Dachi Sho Short Cat Foot

Musubi Dachi Attention

Heisoku Dachi Feet Together

TSUKI/UCHI (Punches/Strikes)


Jyun Tsuki Same-side Punch

Gyaku Tsuki Opposite-side Punch

Kage Tsuki Hook Punch

Nukite Open Hand Poke

Uraken Backfist

Tettsui Hammerfist

Shuto Uchi Open Hand Strike

Empi Uchi Elbow Strike

UKE (Blocks)


Jodan Uke High Block

Chudan Soto Uke Outward Middle Block

Chudan Uchi Uke Inward Middle Block

Gedan Barai Low Block

Shuto Uke Open Hand Block

Morote Uke Double Hand Block

Mawashi Uke Round Block

Hiji Uke Elbow Block

GERI (Kicks)


Mae Geri Front Kick

Mawashi Geri Round Kick

Yoko Geri Side Kick

Ushiro Geri Back Kick

Kekomi Thrust Kick

Keagi Snap Kick

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Human Potential Manifested in Body, Mind and Spirit

© 2000 - 2011 Japan International Karate Center

20 Ni-Ju

30 San-Ju

40 Yon-Ju

50 Go-Ju

60 Roku-Ju

70 Nana-Ju

80 Hachi-Ju

90 Kyuu-Ju